Troy is using psychophysiological and imaging data to study health inequities in pain as a doctoral student at Karolinska Institutet and the National Institutes of Health (USA). He is creating a database of facial expressions of pain from a diverse community cohorts and investigating potential perceptual bias providers and lay perceivers may have when assessing pain in others (both concordant and discordant based on sociodemographic features). He hopes to aid future works and research to achieve more equitable and enhanced pain care. Prior to this, he spent two years as a research fellow at the NIH with Dr. Lauren Atlas. He completed an honors thesis in neuroscience at Dartmouth College under the mentorship of Professor Catherine Norris, and spent a year under the guidance of Professor Tiffany Ito at the University of Colorado Boulder.